Dysnomia Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Types, Treatment

Dysnomia is a neurological disease in which person is not able to remember words properly. It is a learning disability in which patient finds difficult to remember names or words. When patient is asked to recall anything, he can describe almost all things about that thing but cannot remember its specific name. Not only words and names, numbers are also difficult to remember. It is a disorder which occurs in childhood. It is considered a mild condition of anomia. It can be easily diagnosed when child feel difficulty in remembering names, dates, reading, speaking, writing and doing math.

Dysnomia Symptoms

Symptoms of Dysnomia are according to its underlying cause. People who suffer from accident or head injury, may have Dysnomia and its symptoms will be according this cause. With the passage of time, these symptoms disappear. Common symptoms of Dysnomia are as follows:

Patient with Dysnomia cannot recall and even spell properly.
They even find it difficult to use and remember common synonyms.
Patient even cannot remember names of family members and close friends.
All patients with Dysnomia do not have disability of recalling names.
All learning abilities are prominent when diagnostic tests are performed to diagnose Dysnomia.

Dysnomia Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Test, Treatment

Dysnomia Causes

Dysnomia may have some specific type of causes behind this like delay in maturation of pre frontal cortex. This area is specifically associated with remembering things and words. Dysnomia occurs when there is problem faced by patient in regulating attention and regulating behavior. It is also seen in ADHD. Sometimes it develops on its own in children without any intervention. This is the only cause reported until now. Other causes may include head injury, accident or any other head hit. It may be secondary to some diseases like dyslexia. Dysnomia may be genetic and transfer from parents.

Dysnomia Types

Dysnomia have three main types i.e. word selection anomia, semantic anomia and disconnection anomia. In word selection anomia, patient is aware of using object and can select it from a group of objects but cannot name that specific object. It also have a subtype named color anomia. In color anomia patient can identify color but cannot name it. In semantic anomia, patient can forget meaning of specific word. It sometimes accompany recognition deficit. In disconnection anomia, patient may experience modality specific anomia. In this anomia is related to a specific sensory modality like hearing. It occurs when there is increased connections between language and sensory cortices.

Dysnomia Treatment

Dysnomia cannot be cured completely. There are some treatment options with which we can improve patient leaning and remembering skills. These treatment options involve visual aids. In visual aids patient is helped to remember things with the help of pictures. These rehabilitation activities should be continued for a time and then discontinue to check results. But after two weeks patient wills start getting Dysnomia again. Other treatment options include circumlocution induced naming therapy CIN. In this method patient use circumlocution along with visual aid. Other treatment option include computerized assisted therapy CAT. Some drugs are also used in treatment like levodopa.
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