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Gartner Duct Cyst Symptoms, Causes, Treatment | Gartner Duct Cyst vs Bartholin


Gartner's duct cyst is the vaginal cyst which is formed on the Gartner's duct. It is benign in nature. The Gartner's duct is vestigeal remnant of the mesonephric duct (the wolffian duct). The Gartner's duct cyst is mostly mixed up with vaginal inclusion cyst but it is a different thing. Gartner's duct cyst appears on the lateral walls of vagina. These benign cysts are asymptomatic in nature and do not cause pain. These cyst appear in adolescence and cause pain during menstruation. These cysts also cause problem and pain in inserting a tempon. These cysts may grow and become big causing problems.

Gartner's Duct Cyst Symptoms

Gartner's duct cyst are usually asymptomatic. These cysts show no symptoms and can only be diagnosed via physical touch. These cysts cause no pain. But during menstruation these cysts cause pain and patient also feel pain while inserting a tempon. These cysts are benign in nature. Upon touching, patient feels a small lump which is protruding from vaginal lateral wall. These cysts cause pain during sexual intercourse. Usually these are small in size but these may grow bigger and cause further problems. Patient should consult doctor immediately after she feels lumps in her vagina.

Gartner Duct Cyst Symptoms, Causes, Treatment  Gartner Duct Cyst vs Bartholin

Gartner's Duct Cyst Causes

There are many causes behind the formation of Gartner's duct cyst. These cyst can be formed as a result of fluid accumulation in the Gartner's duct. These cyst may form due to any injury or cut during delivery of a baby. Fluid buildup in the glands is another reason. Some non cancerous benign tumors in vagina may also lead to formation of Gartner's duct cyst. These are the main reasons of formation of Gartner's duct cyst. These cysts does not show any visible symptoms other than pain. These cysts are sometimes difficult to differentiate from other kind of cysts. .

Gartner's Duct Cyst Treatment

When we talk about treatment, mostly the benign Gartner's duct cyst subside on it's own. If these cysts are showing no symptoms, then the patient is asked to wait and watch whether it subside on it's own or not. Sitz bath is technique mostly used to break cysts. The patient is asked to sit in warm water for about 3 to 4 days and then the progress is checked. This therapy is not suitable for all patients. If these cysts cause secondary infection then antibiotics are prescribed to clear infection. If antibiotics are of no use, then surgical procedure is required.

Gartner's Duct Cyst V/S Bartholin

Gartner's duct cyst and bartholin are mostly similar but the only difference is between their location. The Gartner's duct cyst is the vestigeal remnant of mesonephric duct i.e. wolffian duct. The Gartner's duct cyst are formed on the lateral side of vaginal wall. In case of bartholin, small projections are formed below the level of pubic symphysis. These cysts are formed on the posteriolateral wall of the vagina. Most of the features of these two types of cysts are same but the location differentiate them from each other.

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