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Morpheaform Basal Cell Carcinoma Pictures, Symptoms, Causes, Prognosis, Treatment

   

Basal cell carcinoma is the skin cancer, which develops on the surface layer called epidermis. It occurs due to over growth of basal cells. Morpheaform basal cell carcinoma is the type of basal cell carcinoma. In this type, the skin becomes hard and patchy. It is called as morpheaform basal cell carcinoma because it resembles morphea plaques. The surface become hard and shiny and smooth on touch. These are light colored lesions with waxy texture. The morpheaform basal cell carcinoma looks like scars. The borders are not defined which make it hard to spot or diagnose.


Morpheaform Basal Cell Carcinoma Symptoms


Morpheaform basal cell carcinoma usually does not show symptoms other than its appearance. It appears like lesions on the surface of skin. These lesions are hard and patchy, smooth on touch and have shiny surface. These lesions are light in color with waxy texture. Sometimes it appears in the form of scars with no defined boundary. Bleeding may occur most of the time and looks like these lesions or cuts will not heal. There are some diseases which closely resemble morpheaform basal cell carcinoma. These diseases involve sebaceous hyperplasia, molluscum contagiosum, fibrous papule, mercel cell carcinoma, amelanotic melanoma and cutaneous adnexal tumors.


Morpheaform Basal Cell Carcinoma Pictures, Symptoms, Causes, Prognosis, Treatment

Morpheaform Basal Cell Carcinoma Causes


There are many factors which can cause morpheaform basal cell carcinoma. Use of fluorouracil previously can cause morpheaform basal cell carcinoma in future. It may be genetic due to gene mutation in hedgehog signalling pathway. Mutation exactly occurs at patched tumor suppressor gene. Excessive contact with ultraviolet radiations also contribute in causing morpheaform basal cell carcinoma. Many gene defects are considered the predisposing factors of this type of basal cell carcinoma. It commonly occurs in adults and rarely occur in females and young ones. Previous any type of basal cell carcinoma can lead to morpheaform basal cell carcinoma.

Morpheaform Basal Cell Carcinoma Treatment


Morpheaform basal cell carcinoma is a skin disease, so two types of treatment strategies are designed I.e. photodynamic therapy and surgical excision. Topical photodynamic therapy shows a good cosmetic result but alone it is not sufficient for treating morpheaform basal cell carcinoma. Surgical excision is the proposed treatment. If it appears on face, then Moh's surgery is recommended. It is considered best for facial morpheaform basal cell carcinoma. A sharp razor is used primarily in surgical excision to remove tumor from skin surface. It leaves no or less scars on skin.

Morpheaform Basal Cell Carcinoma Prognosis


It is a non fatal condition. It's prognosis is excellent because the treatment options works well and give good outcomes. Treatment is necessary because if left untreated, it may further lead to fatal diseases. The success rate of surgical excision are high as compare to photodynamic therapy. So most of the time both treatments are carried out side by side. Once it is removed completely from epidermal layer of skin, then it never comes back. In some cases, the untreated morpheaform basal cell carcinoma may lead to other types of basal cell carcinoma.

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