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Celiac Artery Compression Syndrome Symptoms, Causes, Surgery, Recovery

   

Median arcuate ligament syndrome is the other name of celiac artery compression syndrome. In this symptom, the celiac artery is compressed due to any reason, which leads to severe abdominal pain and weight loss. Celiac artery is responsible for supplying blood to upper part of abdominal region. It is the rare cause of weight loss and abdominal pain. The compression of celiac artery occurs due to median arcuate ligament. Median arcuate ligament is the fibrous muscular band which is present in diaphragm. The abdominal pain is chronic and recurrent. It is a rare disorder with high prevalence.


Celiac Artery Compression Syndrome Symptoms


Patients with celiac artery compression syndrome feels a layer of pain in abdomen right after eating. Sudden and visible weight loss occurs. Abnormal sounds are produced in abdomen due to compression of celiac artery and these sounds are termed as abdominal bruit. The most common symptom of all is abdominal pain which occurs in more than 80 percent of cases. Weight loss occurs in almost 48 percent of cases and abdominal bruit occurs in approximately 35 percent cases. Other symptoms related to abdomen are nausea, vomiting, restlessness, weakness, dizziness, delayed gastric emptying and diarrhea.

Celiac Artery Compression Syndrome Symptoms, Causes, Surgery, Recovery


Celiac Artery Compression Syndrome Causes


The exact cause of compression of celiac artery is still not known. There is a great dispute on defining accurate cause. Basically, in ancient times, it was believed that celiac artery compression syndrome occurs due to improper blood supply which in turn occurs due to compression of celiac artery by median arcuate ligament. It can also occur due to nerve dysfunction. Nerve dysfunction is considered the main cause behind following symptoms

  • Delayed gastric emptying
  • Epigastric pain.

There is'nt any other defined cause behind Celiac artery compression syndrome and the causes mentioned above are also not sure.

Celiac Artery Compression Syndrome Surgery


Surgery is the only treatment option because no medication can help in relieving compression of celiac artery. During surgery, the median arcuate ligament and celiac plexus (collection or group of nerves supplying blood in abdomen) are divided and Celiac artery become decompressed. The surgical operation may also involve implantation of stent, angiography and vascular reconstruction of celiac artery in abdomen. Surgery can treat the exact cause of celiac artery compression syndrome but the symptoms can be relieved with the help of medication. Pain killers are used to reduce pain intensity. If this syndrome left untreated, it can lead to patient's death.

Celiac Artery Compression Syndrome Recovery


The recovery after surgery varies patient to patient. Some people respond better to surgical treatment and recover in less time. Patients with chronic abdominal pain and sudden visible weight loss respond more quickly to the surgical intervention as compare to the one with less pain and less weight loss. The patients at chronic stage recover fast after surgery. Old age patients respond less to the surgery and take time to recover completely. Patient have to follow healthy diet plan to reduce post operative complications. Alcoholic patients will not recover fast.

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