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Red Scrotum Syndrome Symptoms, Causes, Contagious, Cure

   

Red scrotum syndrome is a rarely occurring syndrome in which scrotum (an organ of male genital system) persistently become red and sometimes also involve base of penis. It is a chronic disease which mostly occurs in males in the 2nd half of their lives i.e. after 25 years of age. Basically erythema occurs on the surface of scrotum with sharp borders. There is no scaling with erythema but patient feels pain and burning sensation. It is a dermatological disease and associated with skin only. Initially it involves specifically anterior half part of the scrotum and can laterally involves its posterior part.


Red Scrotum Syndrome Causes

     
The exact cause behind red scrotum syndrome is still unknown but some possible reasons are as follows:

  • Vascular endothelium synthesize nitric oxide, which have a vasodilatory effect and this vasodilation can cause redness.
  • Over usage of topical steroids is also seen as leading cause in some cases. But withdrawal of these topical steroids help in treatment of red scrotum syndrome. Dependence is a side effect of steroids which enable patient to stay on steroids for long term. So steroid addiction is considered a main cause behind red scrotum syndrome.
  • Neuropathic element also cause red scrotum syndrome.

Red Scrotum Syndrome Symptoms, Causes, Contagious, Cure

Red Scrotum Syndrome Symptoms


Symptoms of red scrotum syndrome are limited and common and do not spread. Red scrotum syndrome as the name indicates redness of scrotum. Scrotum becomes red which is defined by term erythema. Along with redness, patient feels burning sensation, itching and pain in scrotum. It is initially limited to anterior part of scrotum and then gradually involves posterior end and sometimes base of penis is also involved. Skin become tender and patient feel intense pain on touch. Scaling do not occur in red scrotum syndrome. Telangiectases may also present.

Red Scrotum Syndrome Contagious


Many men with red scrotum syndrome are worried about having a sexual relationship with women. Because they think this syndrome can spread by contact. But some men dare to have a sexual relationship with women and proved that this syndrome do not spread on touch. Men use precautions while having sexual intercourse which prevent women from acquiring red scrotum syndrome. So, it is concluded that this syndrome do not spread but still men should avoid direct contact with women and try to use some precautions while having sexual relationship with women.

Red Scrotum Syndrome Cure

     
In red scrotum syndrome patient 1st try to follow preventive measures. Which involves wearing loose fitted underwear, stop usage of soap, stop using topical steroids i.e. corticosteroids, try to use emollient cream. Along with these tips, medicinal therapy should also be continued which involve use of doxycycline. Doxycycline 50 to 100 mg four times a day is recommended. Treatment should be continued for at least 6 to 12 weeks. If doxycycline is effective, then it can be continued for longer time period. Other treatment options involve use of gabapentin and amitriptyline for neuropathic pain. Primecrolimus cream is an anti-inflammatory cream used to treat redness.

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