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Bronchogenic Carcinoma Symptoms, Causes, Prognosis, Treatment

   

Basically lung cancer is known as bronchogenic carcinoma or bronchogenic carcinoma is considered as an origin of lung cancer. As the name indicates, it is the cancer i.e. carcinoma which occurs in bronchi of lungs i.e. bronchogenic. Bronchi are the largest airways of the lungs. Bronchogenic carcinoma have two main types 1st one is small cell lung cancer and 2nd one is non small cell lung cancer. In small cell lung cancer, cells are observed under microscope and in non small cell cancer, cancerous cells are bigger in size and further divided into large cancerous cells, squamous cell carcinoma and lung adenocarcinoma.



Bronchogenic Carcinoma Symptoms


Symptoms of bronchogenic carcinoma resemble symptoms of other lung cancers. Symptoms of brochogenic carcinoma are related to cancer cell growth in bronchi.  Commonly bronchogenic carcinoma shows blood in cough, airways get obstructed due to tumor and lead to recurrent pneumonia and persistent cough. Now a days lung adenocarcinoma (a type of bronchogenic carcinoma) is found to be most common lung cancer. It is present in about 40 to 50 percent of cases of lung cancer. So symptoms regarding lung adenocarcinoma are frequent weight loss, weakness, fatigue and shortness of breathe specially when patient do workout or exercise.

Bronchogenic Carcinoma Symptoms, Causes, Prognosis, Treatment


Bronchogenic Carcinoma Causes


It is a common awareness that smoking leads to lung and mouth cancer because of presence of tobacco in cigrette. Other than cigrette, there may be many other causes behind like exposure to radioactive materials. Radon exposure is considered a second leading cause of lung cancer in people who are chain smokers but in case of non smokers, it is considered number one leading cause of lung cancer. Pollution in air may also cause lung cancer. People who keeps company of chain smokers can suffer from lung cancer. Carcinogenic material inhalation is another cause of bronchogenic carcinoma


Bronchogenic Carcinoma Prognosis


Unfortunately, bronchogenic carcinoma have poor prognosis. Survival rate is very low that small no. Of people survive with lung cancer. People with bronchogenic carcinoma survive only 5 years. Only a few people (almost 17 percent) with lung cancer survive more than 5 years. Prognostic data varies according to the type of lung cancer and stage of cancer. Chances of survival at early diagnosis of 1st 2 stages are greater. Treatment of lung cancer is still improving for increased survival rate. Chemotherapy is improving day by day to make it more effective even at 4th stage. As 4th stage is deadly stage and no one recover from that stage.


Bronchogenic Carcinoma Treatment


Treatment option is selected on the basis of several factors. These factors involve stage of cancer and type of lung cancer. Diagnosis is really important in selecting treatment. Diagnosis will confirm the type and stage of lung cancer. People who take treatment i.e. chemotherapy and also take care of their health by following precautions have greater survival rate. Other than chemotherapy, surgery of target cancer site, targeted therapies and immunotherapy are involved. Radiation therapy is least recommended because it do harm healthy cells too and can make patient more ill.

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