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kinesthetic sense Definition, Test, Psychology, Receptors | Vestibular sense


Kinesthetic sense is also known as muscle memory. It is a condition in which person is well aware of his body movements and joint location or movement. The phenomenon of kinesthetic sense is somehow based on proprioception which includes position of joints. Basically person can sense or feel body movements with closed eyes. It is very beneficial for blind patients to walk through familiar places or surroundings like kinesthetic sense enable patient to judge where to safely step forward and can reach to his destination without counting steps. Kinesthetic sense can be improved with regular practice and training.

kinesthetic sense Test

A self-test is performed to check kinesthetic sense. In this test, person repeat certain movements until he get to know about muscles involved in it. There are several positions involved like prone position and spinal position. In prone position, patient is asked to raise his leg up to 5 to 10 inches from floor. While lifting, person can feel lumbar and buttock muscles stretching. In supine position, patient is asked to rotate his both legs so that his feet turn out. While moving his leg, he will feel hip muscles working and rotating along with leg movement.

kinesthetic sense Definition, Test, Psychology, Receptors  Vestibular sense

kinesthetic sense Psychology

Basically person totally rely on the sense of kinesthetic instead of other 5 senses. Person have trust on kinesthetic sense while doing any physical activity like running, walking, driving, dancing and swimming etc. With the help of kinesthetic sense, person can tell about body movements without visual help by the movement of muscles involved in it. The part of body involved in movement or physical activity, send signals to brain which ultimately activate patient mind and patient can tell about his body movements even in a dark room. As in riding a bike, muscles of legs send signals to brain.

kinesthetic sense Receptors

Limbs involved in movement of body, send signals to brain via motor neurons. Peripheral muscles are involved in kinesthetic sense which are muscle spindles and skin stretch receptors. Joint receptors, which are present on every joint in body, not all of them are responding to stimuli send by brain. Basically kinesthetic sense involve two concepts, 1st is movement of muscles or joints and 2nd one is location of joints and muscles. Receptors i.e. muscle spindle show response to stimuli in both senses (movement and location). While in limb movement, both the receptors are involved.

kinesthetic sense vs Vestibular sense

Kinesthetic sense involve the movement and location of muscles and joints in body during any physical activity but vestibular sense is about information regarding movement and location of body posture. Basically vestibular sense gives information about body orientation with respect to gravity, but kinesthetic sense has nothing to do with gravity and posture. Vestibular sense involve the sense of balancing the body and maintain a proper posture like sitting, standing, kneeling jumping, running etc. while kinesthetic sense is all about muscle movement and involvement of receptors while moving body parts like running, walking, lying down, driving etc.

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