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Prostatomegaly Size, Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, Mild to Moderate

   

Prostatomegaly is defined as enlargement of prostate gland. Normally prostate gland in men start increasing in size after 40 years of age. Prostatomegaly is also known as benign prostate hyperplasia. Prostate is an important gland in male reproductive system. It is small in size and have muscular texture. Prostate surrounds urethra and makes fluid in semen. The cells of prostate gland start to multiply these growing and multiplying cells makes prostate gland swell. Due to increase in size of prostate gland, urethra get squeeze or compress and as a result flow of urine become limited. It is not a cancerous condition and does not spread like it. Even it does not lead to cancer.

Prostatomegaly Size



The size of prostate gland usually increases in size after the age of 40 or 45. It is normally small in size and surrounds urethra. When men reaches at the age of 40 or 45, it starts increasing in size due to multiplication of cells. Radiographic images shows enlargement of prostate gland if its size increases from 33 cc i.e 30 grams. The increase in size divides it into different grade sizes i.e. grade 1, grade 2 and grade 3. Each grade size show different symptoms and require different treatment plans according to condition. The symptoms become severe from grade 1 to grade 3.

Prostatomegaly Size, Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, Mild to Moderate

Prostatomegaly Grade 1

       
The very early stage of growing prostate gland show mild symptoms. Like decrease in urine flow or increase in urination time. Patient have to wait for urine to flow. These mild symptoms do not cause any harm and generally do not require treatment but just some life style modifications. The grading system is according to the increase in size of prostate gland. In grade 1 Prostatomegaly, the size of prostate gland increases up to 25 % of the original size. Some patients use medications as a treatment for grade 1 Prostatomegaly.


Prostatomegaly Grade 2

       
When size of the prostate gland increases up to 50 % of original size, this is the grade 2 prostatomegaly. It show symptoms on moderate level. The frequency of urination increases and volume of urine passing out decreases. Patient feel hindrance during urination and do not get satisfy because he can feel bladder full even after urination. For grade 2 prostatomegaly, medication therapy is used. Alpha 1 blockers are used like doxazosin, prazosin, alfuzosin, terazosin and tamsulosin. Some medications are also used to reduce the level of hormones like dutasteride and finasteride. These medications can reverse the size of prostate gland.


Prostatomegaly Grade 3

       
When symptoms of prostatomegaly get severe or worse and causing other problems in normal life routine. This level is grade 3 prostatomegaly. In grade 3 prostatomegaly, medications are of no use and last option i.e. surgery is recommended. Urine flow get totally blocked and this cause severe and unbearable pain in bladder. Patient get uncomfortable. Surgical removal is recommended. Removal can be done by various techniques like transurethral nasal ablation, transurethral microwave therapy and water induced thermotherapy is used in outpatients and transurethral resection of prostate, simple prostatectomy and transurethral incision of prostate are used in inpatients.

Prostatomegaly Mild to Moderate

         
When cells of prostate gland start multiplying and start growing in size it show some mild symptoms. This is the mild state of prostatomegaly. Symptoms appearing in mild state do not cause harm to patient and require some life style modifications to reduce symptoms. When symptoms get a bit severe and start causing problems in life style of patient this is the moderate state of prostatomegaly. Some life style modifications are not enough and patient require some medications which include alpha 1 blockers and some hormone stabilizer medications to maintain hormones.

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