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Ideomotor apraxia Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Test, Treatment


Voluntary automatic dissociation is another name for ideomotor apraxia. It is a movement or action disorder which is related to neurological abnormality of patient. Patient is not able to cope with the instructions he receives. Ideomotor apraxia consist of simple motor tasks like having hand to say good bye and using a hammer to hit something. Patient get confuse while acting on instructions or there is no similarity between his limb movement and his will. This abnormality or disorder occur in patients suffered from stroke. Patient with stroke have already experienced this incompatibility of nervous system with voluntary actions.

Ideomotor apraxia Symptoms

Ideomotor apraxia is a neurological disorder which causes many problems in transmission of impulses and mostly motor neurons are involved. Patient is not able to perform functions properly. There is no similarity in physical actions to the signals he receives in brain. Even he cannot mimic actions performed by a person in front of him. Other symptoms associated with ideomotor apraxia is confusion in performing any physical activity, dizziness and less social activity. Patient cannot move out in public confidently and cannot communicate verbally and physically. All symptoms the mentioned above are related to personality of patient.

Ideomotor apraxia Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Test, Treatment

Ideomotor apraxia Causes

Ideomotor apraxia is related to neurological abnormal condition which hurdle in transmitting signals to brain and from brain to target limb. Basically parietal lobe is responsible for controlling voluntary actions like ability to read, ability to write and understanding some spatial concepts. So whenever stroke occurs in parietal lobe it will lead to ideomotor apraxia and is considered the most common cause behind it. Any kind of injury in parietal lobe located in back and top side of head above ears can also cause ideomotor apraxia. The injury may be internal or external both can lead to ideomotor apraxia.

Ideomotor apraxia Test

There is not one defined test for ideomotor apraxia but are so many tests which are performed to diagnose it. A test is performed widely which was developed by George Goldenberg. In this test physician uses imitation assessment of 10 different gestures. Tester perform some actions in front of patient and then he ask him to mimic the same actions he performed. On the basis of his actions performed his condition is evaluated. The tester give scores on right imitation of actions and give no scores on no imitation. Then these scores are counted to check progress.

Ideomotor apraxia Treatment

Ideomotor apraxia is a sensitive case which should be treated or managed with great care. There are some therapies which can be performed to manage it. Occupational therapy is very effective and help patient in regaining the same level of motor functioning he lost. In this therapy, patient is encouraged to beat one task on daily basis like combing hairs etc. 1st separate actions are ask to perform and after getting perfection in it, he is asked to perform series of actions collectively and his performance is checked. This therapy include simple to complex actions.

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