Panniculectomy - Cost, Side effects, Risk, Recovery, Reviews, Complications

Read about Panniculectomy - Cost, Side effects, Risk, Recovery, Reviews, Complications

Content


  • What is Panniculectomy
  • Panniculectomy Definition
  • Panniculectomy Surgery Procedure
  • Panniculectomy Benefits
  • Panniculectomy Side effects
  • Panniculectomy Risks
  • Panniculectomy Cost
  • Panniculectomy Recovery
  • panniculectomy Comparison
  • panniculectomy vs tummy tuck
  • panniculectomy vs abdominoplasty
  • panniculectomy Pictures
  • panniculectomy Complications
  • panniculectomy Before and After
  • panniculectomy Reviews
  • Is panniculectomy covered by insurance
  • panniculectomy other names 

What is Panniculectomy


Panniculectomy is a surgical procedure in which excessive deposition of fat is surgically removed from pannus. This excess of fat is made of adipose tissue as a extra fat depot. Though it does not give any harm to individual on its own but it contributes a major role in central obesity or abdominal obesity and makes circulation difficult towards genital areas.   

Panniculectomy - Cost, Side effects, Risk, Recovery, Reviews, Complications

Panniculectomy Definition


Panniculectomy can be defined as surgical removal of excessive vascular fibrous tissue(adipose tissue) from the surface of lower abdomen. This excessive vascular fibrous tissue is termed as pannus and its surgical removal is known as panniculectomy.

Panniculectomy Surgery Procedure


Panniculectomy is categorized as major surgery that requires full protocols of major surgery. In this kind of surgery plastic surgeon made two fine medium size incisions. One incision is made in lower area of sternum to the pelvic area (pubic bone).

Other incision is made across the pubic area. Excessive fat is removed safely and securely to avoid any damage to closer areas like abdominal wall and intestines. One of the most serious consequence of this surgery is post-operative internal bleeding due to damage of internal tissues. This undesirable event can be avoided by making fine surgery with full of experience.
   

Panniculectomy Benefits


It is obvious panniculectomy has multiple benefits. These benefits include low risk of central obesity or abdominal obesity and its related complications, body reshaping, improved figure appearance, proper circulation to lower abdominal region etc.
   

Panniculectomy Side effects


Apart from its benefits panniculectomy has some serious kind of side effects that might be life threatening in case of delayed surgical intervention. Major side effects include post-operative internal bleeding, severe abdominal infection, rupturing of abdominal wall during surgery etc.

Moderate to minor side effects include delayed wound healing, post-operative pain, permanent scars on the site of incision, difficulty in body stretching in early days of surgery.

Panniculectomy Risks


Panniculectomy Post-operative risk factors should be take into consideration before surgery. These risk factors include

  1. Internal hemorrhage
  2. Abdominal wall rupture
  3. Wrong incision
  4. Severe abdominal infection
  5. Severe pain sensation
  6. Tissue scarring

Panniculectomy Cost


Panniculectomy cost variates from surgeon to surgeon and location to location. However, average estimated cost of this surgery is ranges from 800$ to 1500$. This is total estimated cost that may include surgeon fees, operation theater charges, anesthesia charges, general medicines charges, pre and post operative charges etc.
   

Panniculectomy Recovery


Post operative recovery after panniculectomy depends upon physical condition of individual, size of the incision made, fine surgery with minimum blood loss and tissue injury.Generally, recovery time period ranges between 1-2 months if no other complication occurs.

Panniculectomy vs tummy tuck


From surgery point of view, both are major surgeries with difference of area and size. Panniculectomy is just removal of overhanging skin (adipose tissues) in lower abdominal area while tummy tuck is not confined to small area it involves the removal extra skin and tightens both upper and lower abdomen.

These muscles are stretched to makes their position anatomically fit and belly button is reshaped. Clinically, tummy tuck requires extensive surgery as compared to panniculectomy.

Panniculectomy vs abdominoplasty


Tummy tuck is also termed as abdominoplasty because both upper and lower abdomen are involved in this surgery while in panniculectomy only pannus (overhanging fat in lower abdomen) is removed.
   

Panniculectomy Pictures

Panniculectomy Cost, Side effects, Risk, Recovery, Reviews, Comparison


Panniculectomy Cost, Side effects, Risk, Recovery, Reviews, Comparison

Panniculectomy Cost, Side effects, Risk, Recovery, Reviews, Comparison

 

Panniculectomy Complications


Panniculectomy complications can be easily avoided via fine surgery by following all necessary protocols of
bariatric surgery. However, some common post-operative complications that have been reported are

  1. Internal hemorrhage
  2. Rupture of lower abdominal wall
  3. Intense pain due to damage of internal structures
  4. Delayed healing
  5. Severe abdominal infection
   

Panniculectomy Before and After


Panniculectomy provides dual benefits to individual for example it minimizes the chances of central obesity and its related complications and improves over all appearance of body and figure. So, most of the people look out of figure and obese before panniculectomy that's why many bariatric surgeons suggest them panniculectomy and tummy tuck at the same time.

Panniculectomy Reviews


As a matter of choice different people have different views about panniculectomy. However, about 80-90% individuals who had undergone this procedure are somehow convinced that panniculectomy is better choice when are aim to reduce your weight, decrease obesity and improve you overall body appearance. Here are some exceptions, few people suggested that both panniculectomy and tummy tuck should be performed at the same time to get maximum results.

Is panniculectomy covered by insurance


Almost all kind of bariatric surgeries do not include in common insurance plan unless and until you have some kind of medical disorder that requires this kind of surgery necessarily and your health care provider suggest you such surgery. Otherwise, these kind of surgeries come under the umbrella of cosmetic surgery that are not included in common insurance plan.


Panniculectomy other names


Panniculectomy also pronounced as paniculectomy, peniculectomy, pannulectomy, panulectomy etc.
Read More
   

Fordyce Spots on lips & shaft Treatment, Symptoms, Causes, Removal

Read about Fordyce spots on lips, penile shaft, scrotum, labia, vagina and other genital parts. Fordyce spots symptoms, causes, prognosis, treatment, removal and frequently asked questions regarding fordyce spots.

1. Fordyce spots Definition
2. What are Fordyce spots
3. Fordyce spots Sites
    3.1 Fordyce spots on Lips
          3.1.1 Fordyce spots on upper lips
          3.1.2 Fordyce spots on lower lips
    3.2 Fordyce spots on Penis
    3.3 Fordyce Spots on Penile Shaft
    3.4 Fordyce Spots on Scrotum
    3.5 Fordyce spots on Vagina
    3.6 Fordyce Spots on Labia
4. Fordyce spots in Males
5. Fordyce Spots in Females
6. Fordyce Spots Symptoms
7. Fordyce Spots Causes
8. Fordyce Spots Treatment
   8.1 CO2 Laser therapy
   8.2 Electro desiccation
   8.2 Micro punch technique
   8.4 Drug related therapy
9. Fordyce spots Removal with home remedies
   9.1 Oatmeal Bath
   9.2 Aloe vera gel
   9.3 Neem leaves extract
   9.4 Coconut oil
   9.5 Tea Tree oil
10. Fordyce spots pictures or Images
11. Fordyce spots FAQs
   11.1 Are fordyce spots normal
   11.2 Are fordyce spots contagious
   11.3 What causes fordyce spots on lips
   11.4 How to get rid of fordyce spots on lips
   11.5 Do fordyce spots go away on their own
   11.6 Are fordyce spots bad
   11.7 Are fordyce spots itchy
   11.8 How long do fordyce spots last on lips
   11.9 Fordyce spots vs Genital wart



1. Fordyce spots Definition


Fordyce spots can be defined as pale yellow to white or skin colored spots raised on superficial layer of skin (epidermis). They are small size harmless spots originate from sebaceous glands present in the layer and mostly appear around mouth, lips, scrotum penile area and labia.They are 1-2mm in diameter and can be seen through naked eye.

Fordyce Spots on lips & shaft Treatment, Symptoms, Causes, Removal

2. What are Fordyce spots


Fordyce spots are named after John Addison Fordyce. He was a dermatologist who discovered these spots first time and explained them in a medical journal. Later on, these spots are also recognized as fordyce granules, fordyce lesions, fordyce disease and ectopic sebaceous glands.

Many people think that it is sexually transmitted disease (STD) and spreads through sexual contact but clinically it false perception. Exact reason of fordyce spots is unknown but many dermatologist proposed that they occur due to multiple hormonal and metabolic changes in the body. In most people they appear during puberty because hormonal changes and metabolic changes are at full swing during this time.

Another false perception is that it is caused by some kind of virus or bacteria. They occur naturally and there is no patho-physiological reason behind them. People having greasy or oily skin are more susceptible to fordyce spots. It might be due to excessive production of sebum (oily substance) from sebaceous glands.

3. Fordyce spots Sites


Fordyce spots may appear on different body surfaces but most commonly affected areas are lips and genital parts.

3.1 Fordyce spots on Lips


Lips are the most prominent place among all sites where fordyce spots appear and cause embarrassment because they are difficult to hide.

3.1.1 Fordyce spots on upper lips


Both upper and lower lips can be affected by fordyce spots but tendency to develop fordyce spots is slightly lower in case of upper lips. It is proposed that upper lips have less number of sebaceous glands as compared to lower lips so it might be the reason to its low affinity to get fordyce spots.

3.1.2 Fordyce spots on lower lips


Borders of Lower lips have more affinity to get fordyce spots because they have more number of sebaceous glands. First, hyperplasia of sebaceous glands present around the border of lower lips occurs and then ultimately they turn into fordyce spots. They become more prominent when mucousal lining of lips is in stretched position.

3.2 Fordyce spots on Penis


If we talk about genital parts, penile area is second most common site after lips in males where fordyce spots occur. Penile area is divided into 2 parts as far as fordyce spots are concerned. One is penis head and second is penis shaft. Penis head is less likely to get fordyce spots due to low number of sebaceous glands.

3.3 Fordyce Spots on Penile Shaft


Lower end of Penile shaft has high affinity to get fordyce spots as compared to all other genital parts in males. In most instances, it seen that sebaceous glands present around the lower end of shaft are very sensitive and mild to moderate form of hyperplasia may turn them into fordyce spots.

3.4 Fordyce Spots on Scrotum


In rare instances, it is seen that superficial layer of scrotum may get involved in fordyce spots. Moreover, upper layer of scrotum is not plain surface so that's why many people do not notice these small size spots and they remain unidentified.

3.5 Fordyce spots on Vagina


In females vaginal area is second most common site where fordyce spots appear. However, this area is divided into two portions according to fordyce spots affinity. These portions are out out side of the vagina (labia minora and labia majora) and mucousal membrane lies inside the vagina. Outer portion of vagina is more susceptible to get fordyce spots due to higher risk of hyperplasia and increased sensitivity.

3.6 Fordyce Spots on Labia


As far as fordyce spots are concerned outer portion of vagina is divided into two major sites where they occur. One is labia majora and other is labia minora. if we compare both sites labia minora is more likely to get fordyce spots as compared to labia majora. The exact reason is unknown but many dermatologist proposed that this hyperplasia is triggered by excessive release of hormones like estrogens and androgens.

4. Fordyce spots in Males


Gender difference is not that much in case of fordyce spots. Proportionality constant is same in males and females because it is not gender specific problem. However, in case of males lips are very common site to get fordyce spots as compared to other body parts.

5. Fordyce Spots in Females


In females, vaginal area is most sensitive area where fordyce spots occur commonly and frequently as compared to other body surfaces. In females, sebaceous glands present around the nipples may undergo hyperplasia and turned into fordyce spots. This is 3rd most common site where fordyce spots occur after lips and vaginal area.

6. Fordyce Spots Symptoms


Fordyce spots remain asymptomatic throughout life that's why many people do not notice them and they remain unidentified. However, it may be embarrassing or somewhat irritating when it is cosmetically concerned. We can only point out fordyce spots according to their location e.g

  1. On lips fordyce spots become more visible when they are in stretched position.
  2. On genital parts like penile shaft fordyce spots become more prominent when it is in erected position.
  3. They should not be confused with other kind of spots so always consult with your health care provider for proper physical examination.

7. Fordyce Spots Causes


As we discussed earlier, the exact mechanism is still unknown but many skin specialist suggest that occurrence of fordyce spots are strongly associated with hyperplasia of sebaceous glands ( ectopic sebaceous glands). Preliminary clinical data  shows that this hyperplasia is triggered by certain kind of hormonal imbalances and metabolic changes in the body during puberty. These small size spots are benign in nature and do not cause any life threatening effect.

8. Fordyce Spots Treatment


There are number of methods available for for fordyce spots removal. These methods are as follows

8.1 CO2 Laser therapy


Carbon dioxide (CO2)laser therapy is also know as laser vaporization or laser peel. Now a days CO2 laser is successfully used to remove fordyce spots. In this method a highly concentrated short beam is directed over affected area very precisely that removes skin layer by layer. Though this method is little expensive but it removes fordyce spots permanently. Another kind of laser technique called Erbium laser resurfacing is can also be used for fordyce spots removal.

8.2 Electro desiccation


Many skin surgeons and dermatologist use this technique to remove cancerous skin surface e.g in case of squamous cell carcinoma. However, this method can also be utilized to remove fordyce spots. In this method an instrument termed as curette is used to remove skin layers by scraping. In this technique success rate mostly depends upon the the surgeon experience to perform it efficiently and precisely.  

8.2 Micro punch technique


This technique is very famous for follicular unit extraction (FUE) in hair transplant. In this technique a pen like device is used to make small holes in the skin. Recently, this technique is utilized to remove soft skin tissue where fordyce spots occur and results were quite satisfactory. However, this technique has some advantages and disadvantages. Major advantage of this technique over other available techniques is that risk of tissue scarring is minimum especially in case of genital tissue surface. Disadvantage of this technique is that it causes mild to moderate pain during extraction of tissue surface so a topical anesthetic may be required to decrease pain sensation.

8.4 Drug related therapy


Though we have very limited data regarding the efficacy of drugs for the treatment of fordyce spots but some topical drugs can be used to slow down their progression and minimize the risk of infection or some other complication. Clindamycin in topical form is drug of choice of many dermatologist because it is broad spectrum antibiotic with efficient penetration rate into deeper cells of skin. personal hygiene and medicated soaps that contains sulfonated resins are also very effective to control such kind of skin problem.

9. Fordyce spots Removal with home remedies


Some home remedies are very efficacious for the removal of fordyce spots. These remedies are easy to use and require minimum cost.

9.1 Oatmeal Bath


Oatmeal bath is very famous for scrub like action. Regular usage of oatmeal bath causes peeling of epidermis ( removal of upper layer of skin). A new layer of skin rapidly grows out in a short period of time to replace previous one in case of peeling off effect. This phenomenon works like a magic for the removal of fordyce spots.

9.2 Aloe vera gel


Peeling off effect may cause sometimes irritation on skin so aloe vera gel provides soothing effect to skin and works like emollient. Apply aloe vera gel regularly after oatmeal bath to provide comfort and minimize skin irritation.

9.3 Neem leaves extract


Neem leaves (Azadirachta indica) contains high amount of volatile oils are antiseptic and have bactericidal activity. Add neem leaves extract in oatmeal bath and mix it thoroughly to make water antiseptic and anti-infective. If it is not possible then apply neem leaves extract topically but it may cause irritation and burning sensation.

9.4 Coconut oil


Coconut oil is widely used in cosmetic products for its anti-dandruff and anti-psoriatic activity. Many dermatologist recommend coconut oil for number skin problems like eczema, psoriasis, dermatitis and fordyce spots. coconut oil does not cause excessive production of sebum and penetrates rapidly from upper skin layer into deep tissues.

9.5 Tea Tree oil


Tea tree oil is well known for its skin glowing effect. It provides both indispensable and dispensable nutrients to the skin that play very important role in normal complexion process of skin. Tea tree oil is very beneficial in fordyce spots because it protects upper layer of skin from various hormonal changes in the body that main triggering factor in development of fordyce spots.

10. Fordyce spots pictures or Images


Fordyce Spots on lips & shaft Treatment, Symptoms, Causes, Removal
Fordyce Spots on Genitals
Fordyce Spots on lips & shaft Treatment, Symptoms, Causes, Removal
Fordyce Spots on Face
Fordyce Spots on lips & shaft Treatment, Symptoms, Causes, Removal
Fordyce Spots on skin surface

Fordyce Spots on lips & shaft Treatment, Symptoms, Causes, Removal
Fordyce Spots on Shaft

 

11. Fordyce spots FAQs


Some frequently asked questions regarding fordyce spots are as follows

11.1 Are fordyce spots normal


Yes, fordyce spots are quite normal because they occur naturally and do not cause any harm or life threatening effect.

11.2 Are fordyce spots contagious


No, they are not contagious neither they spread through sexual contact.

11.3 What causes fordyce spots on lips


There is no exact underlying cause of fordyce spots on lips they may appear on any part of skin. However, many dermatologist suggest that they appear due to hyperplasia of sebaceous glands present in the skin.

11.4 How to get rid of fordyce spots on lips


There are number of invasive and non-invasive methods available for permanent removal of fordyce spots like Co2 lase technique, electro-dessication and micro-punch technique.

11.5 Do fordyce spots go away on their own


In most instances, fordyce spots does not go away on their own because they occur as a result of irreversible process. 

11.6 Are fordyce spots bad


It depends upon the location of fordyce spots for example if they appear on lips they may become prominent and difficult to hide. In that case they may look bad and cause embarrassment.

11.7 Are fordyce spots itchy


Normally, they are painless and non-itchy small size spots.

11.8 How long do fordyce spots last on lips


They may remain life time in many cases due to irreversible hyperplasia of sebaceous glands.

11.9 Fordyce spots vs Genital wart


There is much difference between fordyce spots and genital warts. Fordyce spots occur as a result of natural phenomenon while genital warts may occur due to some kind of infection or abnormal growth of outer layer of skin.
Read More
   

Popular Posts

Search This Blog

All Rights Reserved.Health Tips, Diseases, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Test, Definitions Copyrights © 2017
Powered by Blogger.